The SSA, or Social Security Administration, is an independent Federal agency in the executive branch of government. It is one of the largest federal agencies. The central administrative and computer operations are located in Baltimore, MD.
There are local SSA offices to service individual claims.
People pay taxes into the program. The program takes the taxes and puts it into a trust fund to provide benefits to people who are SSA provides retirement insurance, survivors insurance, disability insurance, hospital and medical insurance for the aged, disabled and those with end-stage renal disease, prescription drug benefits, extra help with Medicare prescription drug costs, Supplemental Security Income, Special Veterans Benefits, plus more.
The purpose of the Social Security Administration is to protect aged and disabled persons and surviving family members with expenses and medical insurance.